Installing Drauger OS can be a bit tricky — after all, the process is a bit different than most other Linux distributions. My goal in writing this guide is to better assist users in walking through the installation procedure and to help them understand what they’re doing. Shoutout to Thomas for patiently answering my questions on Discord while I was installing Drauger OS myself.
I highly recommend having a dedicated hard drive set up for this. One could make a few partitions from an existing drive, but in some cases, especially with Windows, Drauger OS may render another OS unbootable. But dual-booting with your existing OS should work just fine, so long as they have separate boot partitions.
I don’t recommend doing any serious work with this distro — it doesn’t come with things such as LibreOffice installed. It’s been a mostly smooth experience otherwise, but still, be careful. We need testers and their feedback, so, please consider taking the time to do so, because otherwise we can’t improve the overall quality of Drauger OS.
I’m assuming you already know how to flash an ISO image to a flash drive or some other type of bootable media. If you’re trying to download Drauger OS from either India or China, you’ll get a message in your browser indicating it’s not available. This is because, according to a Tweet from Thomas, these countries have been blocked due to bot spam. You can circumvent this by either going to our downloads server, or using a VPN.
Boot From Your Flashed Media Device
Installation can only be done after booting into the live system. Thomas is looking for a way to install directly from the bootloader in the future.
You’ll be presented with this upon starting up the bootable media. A welcome screen will appear in a few moments.
I recommend connecting to the Internet — this will allow Drauger OS to install updates (and the Nvidia drivers if you need them) during installation. When you’re ready, click the “Install Drauger OS” icon on your desktop.
We can’t do the Quick Install — we’d need a configuration file for that. Read the information in the window and click
Okay -->. Be aware, should you click the
Exit button at any time during the configuration, the install window will close and you’ll lose any configuration changes you made. Just click
<-- Back to go back to the Steps screen if you change your mind about modifying a certain setting. The back button will not save your settings, in case you need time to think about something. You can change any of the settings later, before hitting
DONE on the main window.
Set Up Keyboard Model And Layout
First is keyboard selection and layout. Pretty self-explanatory. If you don’t find your particular keyboard under
Model, just select
Do not configure keyboard; keep kernel keymap. The Corsair keyboard I’m using isn’t listed, but it worked fine post-installation.
Set Up Language And Timezone
Next, configure your preferred language and timezone. Also a straight-forward process.
Configure Restricted Extras, Updates, and Auto-Login
The Options screen allows us to install Restricted Extras and update the system while it’s installing. Allowing Drauger OS to automatically log in at startup is also a choice here. Bear in mind, the former two options require an Internet connection. Checking the box for Restricted Extras may be a good idea if you’re using an NVIDIA graphics card; the proprietary driver will be installed (although, while the latest driver is downloaded and installed, this may not necessarily support your card in particular. If you have a card made in the last 5 years or so, it should work fine.).
Set up partitioning. This is the part you’re going to want to pay particular attention to — we don’t want to be making any mistakes here.
If you plan on installing Drauger OS on a fresh drive (which I recommend you do), go ahead and select Automatic. This is a lot less painless than manually setting the partitions. Select the drive you want to install Drauger OS on. Partitions will then automatically be set — a large enough hidden swap file placed in the root directory to enable hybrid sleep, an ext4 data partition containing the installation, a fat32 boot partition if you’re using a UEFI system, and the option of having a separate Home partition (you can also point to one that already exists)– and you can proceed onto the last step. Otherwise, we’re going to need to set up our partitions manually.
GParted will open upon manual selection. Select the hard drive you want to install Drauger OS on from the list of drives on the top-right corner of the window.
Now let’s create a partition table. Click
Device > Create Partition Table. If you haven’t backed up your data already, click
Cancel and do so now, as this will wipe your drive clean after applying the changes.
gpt (GUID partitioning table) in the drop-down menu for the partition table type.
Now that our table has been made, we need to make a swap partition. This partition should at least be the size of the amount of RAM in your system. If you want to enable hybrid sleep, use the formula:
√memory capacity + memory capacity
So, for example, should your rig have 8 GB of RAM, you’re going to want around 12 GB (~3 + 8) of swap space. If you have 16 GB, you’d want 20 gigs (4 + 16) of swap. Right-click on your unallocated partition, select
You’ll be presented with a list of options in regards to how you want to format your partition and how much space you want to give it. With 4 GB of RAM configured on my virtual machine, I’m going to make a swap partition of 6 GB. Give the partition a label and name if you want, and in the drop-down menu for
File system, select
linux-swap. The rest of the options can safely be ignored. Click
With me so far? I hope so. Your partitions should look something like this now:
If your system is using UEFI (most modern motherboards use this), we need to make a boot partition (BIOS users can ignore this step). Using the steps from creating the swap partition, create a new partition from the unallocated space. Set the size to at least 200 MB and the file system as
fat32, like so:
Now you should have a swap partition, a boot partition, and the remaining space of the hard drive:
Nice work. Finally, we can set the third and last partition as our data/OS installation. Use the rest of the space left on your drive and format this partition as
ext4(you can use just about any Linux-native 64-bit file system for your root partition. NTFS and FAT32 will not work). If you so desire, you could add a fourth partition and set this as your home partition, but that’s beyond the scope of this tutorial. Check the GParted documentation for more information about partitions and setting them up.
After setting all your partitions up they should look something like this:
Like on my setup, you’ll probably have 1 MB of unallocated space. This is because this space is reserved for the
MiB alignment we used and is normal on UEFI systems. Click the check mark to apply the changes. This will be the point where all previously existing data will be wiped from the drive.
Let’s bring our attention back to the installer. Take note of the names of your partitions from GParted. They should read something like
X represents the drive letter, and
Y, the partition number. If you’re using an NVMe drive, it’ll look like
X is the drive number and
Y is the partition number. In the installer window, fill in the text fields with the appropriate partitions.
/ (or root) is your ext4 data and OS partition,
/boot/efi is your boot partition (if you’re using UEFI), and
SWAP, your swap. You can leave
/home blank if you haven’t set this up. You can also omit
/boot/efi if you’re using BIOS. In the end it might look like this:
Fantastic. The most tedious part of the installation is over with. Pat yourself on the back and click
Okay --> in the installer window. You’ll now be taken to the last step, that is, setting up the main user’s username and login credentials.
Set Up Username And Password
This part’s fairly easy. Just give yourself a username, a name for the computer itself, and set the password. The password needs to be at least four characters long and should be a mixture of both letters and numbers (although the latter is not mandatory). Neither the username or computer name can contain special characters, except the hyphen character
-. Failure to abide by these rules will print an error message at the bottom of the window, indicating what the error was, and you won’t be able to proceed with the installation until it’s fixed.
Proceed To Installation
All set? Great! Now click
DONE in the main installer window and you will be presented with a summary of the installation options you’ve made. Carefully review the information and make any adjustments if need be (although, like I mentioned earlier, clicking
Exit will undo all the changes you made and you’ll have to set them again, albeit the partitioning).
If the options are satisfactory to you, click
INSTALL NOW -->. Drauger OS will now install onto the hard drive you selected. Now sit back and grab a cup of coffee. Installation takes an average of about 5 minutes, but if you have a CPU with a lot of cores (up to 10, beyond that the installer can’t use those extra cores) it can take less.
Shut the system down when installation is complete and turn it back on. If everything went well, you should now be able to log in (if you didn’t select the option to automatically log in during installation). Log in and you’ll be presented with the Drauger OS desktop:
Well done! Have fun!
A Few Things To Consider Post-Installation
After all, the installer is technically in beta. These suggestions are of my own opinion and you obviously don’t need to do any of these procedures, but I personally feel that it will enhance your experience.
Get The Software Up-To-Date
While Drauger OS is a bit barebones in terms of software selection, chances are you’ll have a bunch of updates to install if you didn’t select the option during installation. Run
sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y in the terminal to update.
Configure The Desktop To Your Liking
In case you’re still not content with the redesigned Xfce environment from 7.4.1, you can modify it to your liking. For me, I moved the top taskbar to the bottom and slightly decreased the size of the icons to give it more like a Windows 7 look.
Where To Go For Help
Should you have any questions or need additional assistance in installing Drauger OS, you can ping me on Twitter, although, Thomas would have a lot more experience to help you out. There are many ways to get in touch on the Contact page. Thanks for trying out Drauger OS!